These breeds differ in the quality and density of long hair and the density and thickness of the obligatory undercoat.
For example, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, St. Bernard, Newfoundland have a thick, long, hard awn, thick hair on the chest and a mane. This wool needs the most minimal care. it is easy to comb, it keeps its shape perfectly, it is rarely shaggy, it practically does not require grooming, except for cosmetic haircuts. in the care of paws and tail.
Wool in dogs of such breeds hardly gets wet, it covers the body "thick cloak". Caucasian Shepherd Dogs and close to them breeds of working dogs quite often make up in captive conditions, and this absolutely does not harm their fur.
However, the undercoat, especially during the molting period, requires attention. At this time there is a tendency to stall, so care for the undercoat is necessary, and here you need metal combs, brushes made of natural bristles, shampoos and conditioners. Otherwise, the wool can roll, it will have to be cut off, it will turn out "holes". All these troubles will interfere with further renewed coat. But the thick stuffed undercoat outside the molting period is not recommended to be combed out, it will be a violation of the usual cover of these breeds.
In longhair dogs such as the South Russian Shepherd, Bobtail, Tibetan Terrier, Briard, "shaggy wool" It is a long, thick, thin, but not silky hair with a harsh and elongated undercoat. Wool in representatives of such breeds hangs loose and lags behind the body, closes the eyes of dogs. Also they have "mustache" and "beard".
At home, these dogs need careful care, as well as the attention of professionals. For example, Briards need to be bathed at least once a month, while it is imperative to dry it with a hairdryer and lay with a comb. Unpainted wool has to be clipped. This process is rather laborious, lasts from several hours to a whole day and is almost impossible at home.
The dogs whose wool is usually cut off stand apart and give it a certain shape. These are dogs with long curly hair. Poodles, French lapdog, Kerry Blue Terrier, Wheaten Soft Coated Terrier. They are characterized by a uniform wool with curls on all parts of the body. It is resilient, thick, dense, soft, resilient and not adjacent to the body. The molt is not expressed, the extinct hair is removed with regular combing or clipping. The properties of wool in these breeds imply a wide variety of haircuts, but they are stipulated by certain standards, and in the case of unprotected wool or improper haircuts, the dog in the ring is disqualified. Care in this case is difficult and time consuming, it is only possible for a professional master.
In the absence of care, such dogs very quickly lose their visual appeal and only vaguely resemble exemplary representatives of their breeds. But even a running dog very quickly returns to the desired shape. In the cabin "Best friends" there were cases when the found curshed, after proper washing and cutting, turned into a thoroughbred handsome poodle, and the newly-made owners simply could not believe that it was the same dog.
In general, cats and dogs of those breeds whose wool requires attentive care, should be taught to comb from infancy. Daily combing wool in puppies should be made the rule of content. like wiping dog paws after each walk. Teaching to brush and comb, we must try to bring the puppy pleasure, encouraging him affection and delicacies. In the process of combing the puppy should receive only positive emotions, then it will become a pleasant habit, and not a bothersome necessity.
Otherwise, it is possible that the grown up dog will no longer be given to you, and only a specialist will be able to care for its hair. The puppy should get used to the comb, and you. try to be extremely cautious because it hurt or threatened during "hairdressing session" can permanently discourage a dog from being exposed "torture" for a well-groomed appearance. If the owner accidentally injures the dog’s paw during the clipping of claws, the dog will simply refuse to give the paw for processing in the future.
In the cabin, dogs are naughty much less than with their own owners, obediently allowing the masters to perform the necessary procedures, but in your best interest. to accustom to such obedience a dog from infancy.
For example, Yorkshire terriers are brought to Tatyana Pavlovich from 4 months of age to the salon, and for the first time hairdressing services seem to them to be an amazing thing, but they get used to it rather quickly and do not cause trouble to masters.
Long-haired breeds have another feature. it is the need to cut the hair on the paws near the pads. Not trimmed wool collects street dust and dirt (for example, fuel oil), small pebbles get stuck into the wool, causing severe pain to the dog, finger pads are crushed, and mattes are collected. All this can lead to serious diseases of the paws.
You can not ignore and care for the eyes, wash and treat with special means.
Interviewed by Eva Punch