The dog’s attractiveness depends not only on the state of its body, but also on how carefully the owner cares for it. Dogs are not distinguished by the great cleanliness inherent in cats, and their fur is much longer, so you need to take care of it regularly.
One of the main procedures in which the grooming of dogs consists is combing it. Combing requires an appropriately selected comb or brush that does not hurt the dog and does not spoil its appearance.
When you comb a dog, its hair is cleaned from dirt, dust, excess wool and dead skin particles, tangling and gathering it in clumps is prevented. Combing is not a very long procedure, it requires only special skills, certain cosmetics and a set of appropriate tools.
Combs and combs are basic tools for combing. The main requirement for them is the presence of blunt ends of the teeth, so as not to injure the pet and not form in him the fear of the procedure. The teeth should be longer than the wool that they will comb. The frequency of the teeth should be chosen depending on how dense the coat of the dog is. Just in case it is better to have two combing options at home: with rare and frequent teeth.
To rid the dog of fleas, fit a metal comb or comb, having a distance between the teeth from 0.5 to 0.7 mm. Every time after using this comb, it must be disinfected.
In general, combs and combs can be grouped according to various criteria:
- the frequency of the teeth;
- by material (plastic, metal, wood);
- by the number of rows of teeth;
- with rotating or fixed teeth.
Furminators are devices that replace large sets of tools for dog skin and hair care. With the help of a furminator, you can rid the dog of excess undercoat in one procedure, while using a comb and brush it will take a week.
To use the furminator, professional skills are not required, and when the procedure is completed, there is no wool left on the furniture and on the floor. It is convenient to use the furminator during the molting period of the dog, it does not allow wool to become messy, makes it shiny, silky and well-groomed.
In contrast to the combs or combs, the furminators are differently arranged, made of a different material, they have a different length of teeth, and there is also a convenient handle. For different types of wool there are different types of furminators. The teeth of this tool are able to penetrate into the wool and reach up to 90% of the excess undercoat, without damaging the guard hair. The procedure massages the dog’s skin and improves its blood supply.
The only downside of the furminator. this is his high cost, but it is worth it, because allows the owner to be calm for the dog and the cleanliness of the house, and the dog to feel good. With the help of a furminator, you can take care of both long-haired and short-haired dogs.
Professional groomers, preparing hard-haired dogs to participate in exhibitions, will certainly use trimming. Trimming is a professional comb that is used to comb and remove the undercoat and trim the guard hair. The trimming process itself is a long procedure that allows you to create the desired structure of wool in dogs.
Trimming is carried out after the completion of the hair growth cycle of hair, when you can remove them. It is held the day before the demonstration of the dog at the exhibition, because if you make it earlier, the coat may change its shade, and the dog will have a different appearance.
Slickers are also used to care for a dog’s coat. They have metal teeth of a special shape that exclude damage to the dog’s skin. They are used to remove excess hair and smoothing long hair. Poukherkas have particular relevance during the molting period of the dog, and also they help prevent the appearance of tangles and prevent the wool from becoming tangled.
Plukherka should be used before washing a long-haired dog, but no more than twice a month. All pouderki are divided into two types, depending on the hardness of the cord: soft cord is needed to care for short hair of dogs, hard cord – for combing long hair.
Rubber glove comb
A dog whose coat is smooth and not long (rottweiler, bloodhound) needs to be cared for with a rubber glove. Such gloves do not allow wool to become messy and do not cause pain or discomfort to the dog, on the contrary, the procedure is most often liked by dogs.
Brushes for wool not only help to unravel it, but also have a massage effect that improves the health and appearance of the dog. There are countless different brushes, and each breed needs to choose a brush separately. To choose the right brush, you need to remember a number of rules: if you buy a brush with plastic or metal cloves, you need to pay attention to how rounded they are, and whether the pad is firm and elastic enough to attach them.
On the teeth of the brush should not be balls, they must be movable, so as not to pull the wool when they stumble on a tuft. When choosing a bristle brush, it will be preferable to prefer natural materials that do not electrify and have the ability to polish long wool. Brushes made from natural materials help to apply cosmetics, balsam or conditioner to wool, distributing them from the base of the hairs to the tips.
Brushes come in several types:
- depending on the material – from wood, metal, plastic, rubber, with bristles;
- depending on the number of parties (1- and 2-sided);
- by design (homogeneous and combined).
Double-sided brushes, which combine the functions of a pouderka, as well as a conventional brush with bristles or teeth, are very popular.