Good heredity is beautiful wool!
Skin and Yorkshire Terrier Wool should be the object of constant attention from the owner, because they not only reflect our aesthetic perception of the dog, but also indicate its health.
The length, density, color, luster primarily depend on hereditary factors. All the nearest ancestors should have the correct structure of wool, which in 15-20 months reaches length to the floor. That is, when the height of an adult Yorkshire is 20-26 cm at the withers, the growth rate of the wool should be at least 15-20 mm per month.
You must also take into account that the sun’s rays adversely affect wool. Saltwater adversely affects wool quality. Too dry indoor air contributes to dry skin and brittle hair. Do not allow Yorkshire to lie near the battery. It must be remembered that the growth rate of wool in a young dog is much higher than in an adult. Often the growth rate of hair on the body is much more than on the head. Split wool does not grow well, so cut ends should be trimmed.
In certain periods of life in York, the growth rate of wool changes. He is slowed down during the change of teeth in a puppy, during estrus and pregnancy of a bitch, as well as during the feeding of puppies. Disease or stress can also cause slower hair growth.
Wool and leather – a mirror of health!
The skin protects the body from the external environment, retains the necessary amount of moisture, fats, mineral salts and vitamins, protects the body from the penetration of foreign microorganisms and, together with the corresponding glands, produces an individual odor that is necessary at the time of communicating with similar ones.
Inadequate or unbalanced nutrition can worsen the condition of the coat. So with a shortage of fats in the dog’s diet, skin peeling is observed with localization, first in the abdomen, then on the tail and, finally, on the back. Often there is the appearance of a rash, sores, acne.
Mineral salts and microelements have a specific effect on the skin and hair. Lack of sodium and chlorine causes dry skin and hair loss, lack of copper leads to loss of pigmentation; zinc deficiency can be judged by the appearance of plaques, crusts in the root part of the hair, in the corners of the mouth, around the eyes, ears, etc. Unbalanced intake of iodine compounds impairs wool, making it brittle and short. Similar problems usually arise as a result of feeding the dogs with the remnants of family dinners. This is absolutely impossible to do.
Poor skin, crusts around the eyes, around the nose and on the tail, redness, peeling, itching, inflammation and, as a result, hair loss are very often associated with a lack of various vitamins. With biotin deficiency, dandruff, itching, and inflammation of the sebaceous glands appear. The coat becomes dry, the pigment weakens and baldness can begin.
Do not be deceived by the fact that taking individual vitamins and mineral supplements will make a miracle. That would be too easy. Hypervitaminosis, as well as hypovitaminosis can lead to serious consequences. At the slightest trouble you should contact your veterinarian.
A little about caring for puppy york hair:
Puppy washed every 10 days. I use a mild shampoo. Required with air conditioning. I never use two in one and I do not advise you! If the puppy does not tolerate the bathing, wash more often, so he will get used faster. In order for the puppy to become accustomed to the procedure of combing, they brush it every day, and sometimes several times a day. Be sure to use a spray for combing. As soon as the baby gets used to the comb, increase the intervals between combing. First, after a day, then after 2 days, and then look at the state of wool. Puppy hair is not oil, it is not desirable to use a spray that contains oil and alcohol. At the age of 5 months (they look as if they are wool, the number of mats increases, the wool is rather dry to the touch) they begin to make an oil mask for an hour and a half before washing. I use different oil or a mixture of oils (linseed, jojoba, almond, coconut, burdock, etc.)
Also, after combing wool, you can apply oil or balm that does not need to be washed off. Pre-oil is poured into a low flat container and diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio. What oils to use? The most suitable oils are wheat germ, grape seed, mink, burdock, peach, coconut … Oil consumption per dog at a time should be no more than half a teaspoon. Strongly greasy wool looks greasy and stuck together, quickly absorbs dust and mud. With a soft brush, oil or balm is evenly applied on the combed strands, but not on the skin in the following places: under the eyes, on the forehead, on the back of the nose, on the sides of the muzzle and head, on the neck, then on the body, starting from the back last of all. on paws. At the age of 6-8 months and older.
They wash the dog once a week, regardless of whether the dog is washed with oil or just with air conditioning. Wool without papillotok with applied oil gets dirty very quickly, without oil begins to dry, even if you use a very good conditioner. Dirty wool does not grow well.
In the male, if he does not wear a diaper, the wool in the lumbar region is collected upward with a tail so that urine does not fall on the wool. If the male is in a diaper, the wool is collected in two papillots, namely under the diaper. In between bathing, oily wool on the body is not combed. I think that combing dirty wool, only spoil it. As necessary, comb the tail on the body or wool in papilotki under the diaper. As for the head, the top, mustache and beard are collected with latex rubber bands. If a dog walks without oil, only washed with conditioner, I bathe 1-2 times between baths with a special moisturizing spray (which does not contain oils and alcohol). You can sprinkle wool 2-3 times a week "Thermal water" (Vichy, Uriage, etc.) Once a month and a half, use super-cleansing shampoo (dries hair) If the dog already has long hair, then it walks in oil for 3 weeks and 1 week without oil in conditioner. Wool and leather need to relax and breathe.
Combing is an important step in hair preservation. Before you begin combing, you need to dry the hair thoroughly, as the wet wool stretches and becomes brittle.
Given the delicate structure of the silky wool of York, the choice of the right comb is very important. The necessary brushes must be of very high quality. Do not save on tools. For daily combing it is necessary to use special sprays. It is not recommended to comb dry hair. Before you begin combing, slightly spray the hair with a spray.
Here are the necessary tools for grooming the Yorkshire terrier:
– Massage brush with metal teeth (with antistatic coating) made of stainless steel; there should be no balls on the tips of the teeth;
– Natural bristle massage brush, used once a week, after a shower;
– Natural bristle massage brush (small), it is convenient to comb the top knot, and you can perfectly unravel the mats;
– Comb with rotating teeth, very convenient if there are mats;
– Plastic hairbrush with a metal tail (with antistatic coating). Used for parting, and for top;
– Small comb with frequent teeth. It is convenient to use for combing mustache and beard; Latex rezinochki, necessary for hairstyles and for files;
– Hairdresser’s scissors
– Nail clipper (for small dogs) and nail file.
How to wash the Yorkshire Terrier
Before washing, the body doesn’t comb the body hair, only check the problem areas for tangles (neck, armpits and behind the ears) if there is, then try to disassemble them (using sprays to disentangle the tangles). Necessarily and carefully comb the wool on the top, do not touch the mustache and beard. Tail or papilotki on the body, too, walk with a brush.
They wet their hair with very warm water for about 3 minutes pouring out of the shower, the water pressure is strong. The first shampoo is usually used only for washing off dirt. Apply quickly and quickly washed off. Begin to wash the head and immediately wash off! Then washed the body. Flush for a long time. The second shampoo is already caring or healing, you can add a few drops of oil. First, wash the head and wash, then wash on the body. Apply carefully, you can commit "combing" finger movements. The skin is massaged with the tips of the fingers. Particular attention is paid to the ends of the hair. Rinse for a long time, under a strong stream of very warm water. If necessary, wash and a third time with shampoo. Look at the wool.
Balm (conditioner) is diluted only with boiled water. Apply the balm on the wool, starting again from the head, but at this point do not wash off! Let him work longer. The conditioner is rubbed with light movements into the skin and coat, in the direction of the growth of the coat. from the spine to the tips. Keep at least 5 minutes. They wash it off with lukewarm water, the shower head is made weak, the wool should remain slippery. Oil is mixed with any thick conditioners. Dilute sour cream to thickness, add 1-2 tablespoons. oils (for example: 1 tbsp. mink and 1 tbsp. jojoba), mix well. Oil does not float on the surface, it is easy to apply to wool. Wash lightly (not very hard wool should be slippery).
After washing the dog is wrapped in a terry towel, which absorbs moisture well. Hold in a towel for 5-10 minutes. During this time, before starting to dry York, eye lotion is dripped, ears are checked and ear lotion is instilled, and they are cleaned with cotton buds. I do all this in order to remove water that has fallen into the eyes and ears of dogs.
For drying wool, you must use a hair dryer, with a capacity of at least 1600-1800 W, always with temperature switching. Powerful hair dryer will shorten the drying time. Begin to dry with hot air and a strong stream, just disassemble the hair with your hand. It’s not so dried up; hairs seem dry, but hang like icicles and are still wet. Turn off the hair dryer and start combing, for the first time slightly sprinkling wool with antistatic. They take a massage (it should have an antistatic coating, metal teeth made of stainless steel, there should be no balls at the tips of the teeth) and begin to comb from the ends of hairs, gradually, as the stairs rise higher and higher. If the brush finds places of matted hairs, then change to a comb with rotating teeth and unravel with it. After all the hair has been combed, they go back to the hairdryer and finish drying the hair (wool) with already warm air, alternating with a cold stream. If hair has a wave, then now is the time to pull it off. Try to direct the air flow through the hair growth. The third stage of drying. just cold flow. Wool should be dried thoroughly, the only way to avoid mats and get away from the waves.
Final stage. final combing.
comb number 5, comb through all the hairs, especially problem areas, make a parting and tail-top.
hairbrush number 2, before combing it, a second time slightly sprinkled with antistatic and combed Make a top or pigtail. Collect mustache and beard in latex gum.
And of course not to grow a beautiful and bright coat, without special additives (vitamins).