Loss of wool in a dog is a cause for concern of its owner and a lot of inconvenience. The reasons for this may be a lot. Consider the most common answers to the question: why does a dog have wool?
If you notice that your dog has a noticeable hair loss, first of all you need to establish the cause. The first thing to exclude is seasonal moult – a natural process that takes place twice a year in spring and autumn.
Shedding may be delayed due to inadequate nutrition, too warm and dry indoor air, or due to illness. In older dogs, molting can also be protracted.
The process of molting is necessary for the dog for seasonal change of wool. In the spring, the winter warm and fluffy "fur coat" with abundant undercoat and longer awn changes to a shorter summer one – with a smaller amount of undercoat and less long awn. In the fall, the process is repeated in reverse order.
In dogs, most of the time conducting on the street, molting is more pronounced and runs faster. While "apartment" dogs can molt all year round. This happens because the change of the seasonal temperature regime by the dog that lives in the apartment is almost not felt. Therefore, the need for quick change of coat is absent. But the natural mechanism, which requires a change of wool, still works, although it is not clearly expressed.
All the talk about the fact that there are breeds of dogs that do not shed – no more than fiction. There are no such breeds. There are dogs that molt less or their molt is not so noticeable. All dog breeds can be divided into several groups according to the type of coat: sleek, wire-haired and long-haired. There are also naked dogs.
To speed up the process of changing wool, try to walk more with your pet, often comb and comb it. If necessary, shear
It is considered that smooth-haired breeds of dogs are easier to care for, as they molt less and get dirty. This is not true. Shedding passes from them, like all the others, and they get dirty no less. The only plus is that the short wool doesn’t loosen into mats and is much easier to comb with a brush.
Hard-haired breeds also shed, but due to the characteristics of such wool, it really does not fall out by itself. The regrown (matured) wool is removed with trimming – plucked. If this is not done regularly, the wool overrides and begins to fall out itself, forming tangles in the undercoat that grows with an awn. Subsequently, non-trimmed wool loses its properties. It turns into a thin fluff, to care for which is a real torment.
What is the shedding of long-haired dogs, is known to many. But among them there are breeds, whose wool basically remains not on furniture and clothes, but on a dog. These are all curly haired breeds. The dead wool simply twists into curls, and if the dog is not regularly combed out and cut, terrible mats are provided for it, and you – the difficult process of getting rid of them by the dog.
To speed up the process of changing wool, try to walk more with your pet, often comb and comb it. If necessary, shear.
But when a dog begins to lose hair intensively outside the moulting season, it can be a sign of illness. Seek medical attention immediately. Do a dog analysis on intestinal parasites. Worms can be one of the reasons. You may have changed the feeding ration.
Hair loss can also be a more serious cause for concern and the cause of serious ailments – from various fungal and parasitic to autoimmune skin diseases, so it is very important to monitor the condition of your dog’s hair and consult a specialist at the first alarming symptoms.