When you buy a purebred dog, do not take the trouble to ask how to care for her fur. Even if your plans do not have participation in exhibitions, the dog should be trimmed or trimmed. Haircut is necessary not only for beauty, but also for the renewal of its wool.
There are 6 main varieties of dog hair. The implementation of care for different types of wool should be different.
The 1st type is the “usual” wool of medium thickness and length. Wool of this kind, for example, is found in huskies, Spitz, German Shepherd Dogs, Labradors. The dog’s coat consists of 2 main types of hair – longer and stiffer guard and soft, short – undercoat. Hair grows from the so-called hair follicles in the skin. Directly in the hair follicles are open ducts of the sebaceous glands, secreting the secret – fat – evenly covering the skin and hair of the dog. This fat layer saves hair from drying out and excess moisture. It has bactericidal properties. The hair grows to a fixed length, after which it dies off and is pushed out of its hair follicle by replacing it with a completely new hair. This process goes on all over the body of the dog continuously, because the overwhelming part of the year the hair of a healthy dog looks uniform. Twice a year, the dogs begin a "massive" change of fur – shedding. This process is regulated by hormones and is associated with seasonal fluctuations in ambient temperature. Wednesday and day longitude. If the dog starts to fade continuously – this is most likely a symptom of the disease. On this issue, it is better to consult an experienced veterinarian.
Some dog breeds "do not know how" to shed, because their fur needs special care so that the hairs can be updated. Kerry bluebuds and bedlington terriers, poodles are sheared, while other terriers have their hair pulled out — that is, trimmed.
In addition to combing, long hair on the paws must necessarily be clipped, trimmed on and around the ears, where it often gets dirty and touches the spines. Usually this is done within the framework of hygienic grooming of dogs at home inexpensively And since each of the breeds of long-haired dogs needs special care for wool, try to get detailed recommendations about its features from the breeder.
2nd type – long hair. She is honored with great dignity by Afghan hounds, collie, setters, spaniels and others. This wool is required daily to comb with a rare comb. The more often you begin to comb the dog’s coat, the better it will be. Some dog breeders, by the way, do not throw out the combed soft wool, but carefully collect it, after which they warm and knit their warm socks and mittens. It is necessary to teach a dog to this procedure from a puppy age: if she does not like to get a haircut and starts to run away at the sight of a comb and scissors, it will be very difficult for the owner to keep the pet in a decent shape.
Type 3 is smooth wool. In Dobermans or dachshunds, the undercoat is minimal; for this reason, during the shedding period, it is better to comb them out with a bristle (like a brush for cleaning clothes), or with a massage brush, but not a puhoderka. The shorter the coat, the easier it is to care for it. However, one should not assume that smooth-haired dogs "do not shed": if their hair is not combed all the time, it is enough to accumulate on furniture and carpets. Regarding care. Dogs whose fur is slightly longer than Doberman’s, but shorter than “normal” (like beagles, English mastiff) can be washed, but not very often. Regular combing with a brush-mitten will benefit their wool.
4th type – curly, completely non-fading wool. Similar wool. lot of poodles, bedlington and Kerry Blue Terrier. These dogs should be regularly cut and bathed, at least once a couple of months (then the dog will always look great). If the hair is not specifically monitored, the hairs will not be able to be updated and will stray into unaesthetic tangles. Puppy 1st time mowing at the age of 14 – 15 weeks. Since childhood, such dogs are regularly brushed, combing the tail and feathering with a comb. During the molting period, you can use a pouderho, or a frequent wire brush. You can teach a dog to a vacuum cleaner, well removes excess wool. Dogs with "normal" wool, bathed, as a rule, one. twice a year, after the completion of the molt, in the remaining time you can do with cleaning with dry shampoo as needed.
Type 5 – tough coat. This is perhaps the most complicated type of wool in terms of grooming. Most terriers, such as Foxes, Erdel, and Schnauzer, have this kind of wool. A hard, very wire-like fur should be pulled out or trimmed with a special machine. They can not do without holding a pinch of hair. trimming (from the English. trim – trim). This procedure requires a long time, patience and necessary skills from both the dog and the owner.
And finally, the last, 6-standard type – the so-called wool atypical. Such wool is found in exotics dogs, for example, in a stringed poodle. The procedure for caring for dogs of these breeds requires specialized attention and consultation with the breeder. The fact is that even hairless dog breeds, for example, Mexican naked require easy regular cleaning.