Loss of hair in a dog, accompanied by anxiety is always a reason to take a closer look at the health of the pet.
If the wool climbs heavily in spring and autumn – this is an obligatory change of the "wardrobe" for the season. This phenomenon is familiar to all dog owners, especially long-haired ones – shedding in animals leads to the formation of matted hair and the need for combing.
There are rocks that molt so actively that on the body of the animal spots of clear skin are formed, but then even cover is restored. Thick, strong, silky wool indicates good health.
Causes of hair loss
Disturbance should be caused by off-season cases of hair loss, changes in the nature of the cover (the appearance of areas with more dry and hard, dull, wool). An alarming factor should be a change in the behavior of the animal – it becomes more restless, eats less, or refuses to eat at all. Causes of hair loss in dogs can be hormonal and non-hormonal in nature.
There is one effective remedy that well helps dog owners fight down hair, a comb-glove. We advise you to purchase such a glove, thanks to it you will save a lot of money on various expensive combs and accessories. It turns out that you are just petting a doggie, but at the same time get rid of old and excess wool.
Hormonal disorders cause symmetrical hair loss on the animal’s body, thinning of the hair, unjustified weight gain and can be caused by treatment of the animal (for example, in females who have undergone sterilization).
Disruption of the hormonal background manifests itself as excess cortisol, thyroid hormone deficiency, impaired growth hormone production.
Excessive amounts of cortisol lead to a condition called Cushing’s syndrome. The animal loses its coat symmetrically, begins to gain excess weight, a saggy belly appears. Formed by the need for more than usual amount of fluid, which leads to excessive urination. A similar condition occurs with the use of steroid substances with food or during treatment.
If the production of growth hormone is impaired, then the dog’s fur climbs symmetrically on both sides of the body (this is mainly characteristic of males). Dogs suffer from this disorder during puberty, the pathology is noted in the representatives of the breed:
Sterilized females may suffer from excess estrogen – this will signal the loss of hair around the genitals and perineum. An additional symptom is a decrease in the growth and quality of wool, (it becomes too soft and soft).
A dysfunction of the thyroid gland (too low a level of hormone production) leads to a change in the behavior of the dog, which becomes indifferent, less active, and begins to gain weight. Wool becomes brittle and dry, there are areas of symmetric focal baldness, the pet does not itch. Places of destruction: tail, back and sides, hips, chest, neck of the animal.
Non-hormonal causes of loss
Shedding in dogs is a seasonal phenomenon, and should not cause concern to the owners. There is an age change of wool, characteristic of puppies from three months to a year – this is determined by the breed, the nature of the dog’s coat, size. If during this period you use aggressive bathing and care products, you can cause excessive drying of the skin, thinning of the coat.
Excessive desire of owners to wear a pet in special clothes leads to disruption of the growth of wool, stalling and hair loss. Particularly hair falls in dogs of long-haired breeds.
When moulting in adult animals, a lot of attention should be paid to grooming, cover combing and good nutrition. A characteristic process for females is a molt after casting puppies or during mating.
The cause of focal hair loss can be a strong nervous shock transferred to the animal (fear, loss of the host, beating). This phenomenon is often observed by employees of shelters for dogs when they have lost a host of pets to them – the dog has a lot of hair on the back. Stress can be determined by their behavior – animals actively lick themselves.
Reactions to new food, dietary supplements or unusual treats can cause allergies. Symptoms of such a reaction in an animal will be:
- watery eyes;
- redness of the mucous membranes;
- sometimes – discharge from the ears;
- the desire to constantly itch.
Places that are heavily combed by a dog are covered with a small rash, resembling a hives in humans. Scar ulcers can appear on the nose or around the eyes of an animal, under the arms, on the abdomen.
The cause of allergies can be external factors:
- change shampoo for washing;
- repair in the apartment;
- new flooring.
Sometimes, in order to find out why a dog has wool, it is enough to analyze the changes in family life. The state of hypersensitivity can be both permanent and seasonal. An allergic lesion requires a mandatory visit to a veterinarian to determine the cause and prescribing medications, excluding contact with an irritant.
Dog food must meet its needs at different times of the year and periods of life. Feeding dry food can not meet all the needs of the animal during shedding, after the disease or in the period of gestation of puppies. The body of dogs, like a human, requires an increased amount of vitamins and nutrients during the season change.
Special feed additives are needed for dogs that live in big cities and are under constant stress or are constantly ill, spending little time outside. The most often deficiencies in feeding are manifested in animals belonging to small breeds. By the pet’s appearance, you can determine which vitamin is missing:
- dry wool, skin with flaking flakes indicates a lack of vitamin B;
- Permanently greasy, sloppy, dim-looking wool can be caused by vitamin A deficiency.
Only a veterinarian can give a correct assessment of the condition of the dog, having examined the animal, having examined the results of blood tests. Recommendations will concern the diet (including natural meat products, fats: poultry meat, pork, beef, vegetable oil).
You should not give your own vitamins to the dog – their overdose can cause more harm to the body than a deficiency.
The lack of trace elements in the body (zinc) can cause active baldness of the dog – the limbs, joints and muzzle are rapidly losing their coat. The skin is characteristic – it dries out and becomes covered with scales, sometimes cracks appear on the paws. The most sensitive breed to such a defeat is a husky.
A common cause of increased shedding may be the use of "human" shampoos and hair care products. This is wrong and can cause an additional allergic reaction.
That’s right – use shampoos and care products made specifically for dogs.
Bathing too often can damage – for dogs with long hair, washing once a month is optimal, for short-haired people – once every three months. To maintain the aesthetic appearance of the wool must be combed with a special brush and comb. Dogs kept outside are bathed exclusively in the warm season, in winter they can brush their fur with snow (dry) and a brush.
Diseases and parasitic lesions
Focal hair loss can cause disease or damage by parasites.
This disease has no established causes, it is believed that it causes a metabolic disorder. Most often manifested in older obese dogs. The violation is not contagious and is not transmitted to other animals or people. The exact cause of the disorder and treatment can be determined by the doctor.
Large breed dogs may experience inflammation of the follicle of the hair or sebaceous glands. The likely cause is a decrease in the immunity of the animal due to constant improper feeding and digestive disorders.
The disease causes fungal infection, the infection is tolerated. Symptoms: on the body of the animal appear round patches of bald skin covered with crusts and skin scales. The diameter of the plots is up to 50 mm., They are of a regular round shape, the open skin areas are bright pink. Localization of the lesion – at the tail of the animal, at the bottom of the extremities, on the face and ears.
Scabies and eaters
The disease is caused by a microscopic pathogen – itch mite. There are two types of disease. Demodecosis most often affects young animals, hair falls around the mouth, corners of the mouth and eyelids, then the infection spreads to the paws and body of the dog. Open areas up to 30 mm in diameter. A parasitic tick with demodicosis causes severe itching in a dog. The defeat of sarcoptes (another type of parasitic mite) is characterized by a very strong skin lesion and massive hair loss. Only a veterinarian in a laboratory can accurately determine the type of insect. Itch mites are dangerous because they are also parasitic in humans.
On the hips and tail of the animal, lashes (trichodectosis) can settle. Usually, infection occurs solely from another dog, the pathogen can be entered into the room on the owner’s shoes. Causes severe itching and anxiety, wool dims, knocks to shreds, then bald spots begin to form in place of the scratching.
The disease was first identified as characteristic of the breed, but now a similar disease is observed in other dogs. Symptoms: Ulcers with purulent contents begin to form over the entire surface of the animal’s coat, this leads to a massive loss of hair. The condition is not treated, it is considered a genetic, hereditary lesion.
Dangerous for developing organisms of puppies is the defeat of yeast infections of parts of the body with high humidity. The hair on them falls out shreds, bald areas smell unpleasant and look fat.
Defeat worms causes:
- decrease, or vice versa, a sharp increase in appetite;
- fading and hair loss;
- weight loss and stunting (in puppies);
- the animal becomes inactive;
- in feces visible species of worms;
- skin becomes dry and irritated.
All symptoms disappear after expelling worms from the body of animals.
With a strong moulting it happens that wool spreads throughout the apartment, can be found in the most inaccessible crevices. This is all accompanied by the unpleasant smell of dog hair. If you are worried about this, we recommend that you purchase Odorgone Wool Odor Remover – one of the most effective and safe animal odor removers.
Treatment of dogs for hair loss
If the dog itches and falls hair becomes lethargic, it should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. Do not delay the visit – the sooner treatment begins, the better the result will be achieved.
A new food or treat should be given to the animal gradually, carefully observing the reaction. At the first signs of anxiety of the animal, it is necessary to exclude feed from the diet. If an allergy has appeared on a household remedy, a care product, contact the animal should be excluded.
For feeding dogs, you should choose a proven high-quality food, combining it with meat products – this will ensure the absence of allergies.
When visiting a veterinarian, a specialist will perform an external examination of the dog, will appoint a group of tests necessary for the diagnosis:
- analytical study of blood;
- sensitivity test;
- skin samples from zones of alopecia;
- blood chemistry.
Based on laboratory data, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment:
- hormonal causes of hair loss are prescribed drugs to stabilize the background;
- with an unbalanced diet, the regulation of the diet and prescription of vitamin preparations is carried out;
- if parasites or worms are found – means for exile are prescribed, most often complex drugs affecting all types of invasions and parasitic infections, vitamins for dogs from hair loss;
- the establishment of reduced immunity becomes the basis for the appointment of immunostimulatory drugs and vitamins;
- infectious and fungal infections can be cured with antibiotics;
- For the treatment of nervous stress, special sedatives for animals are used.
When treating a pet, the doctor’s prescriptions should be fully followed; do not stop treatment after the symptoms disappear.
Vitamins for wool growth
To solve the problem of baldness, special vitamin supplements are used, which include components of plant and animal origin, honey, extracts from algae.
The best for 2017 means of this type include:
- Canina Petvital Derm Caps in the form of oil-based capsules and the inclusion of fish oil, fatty acids, provitamin A, zinc;
- Hokamix Skin Shine on an oil basis, including extracts from nuts, a combination of fatty acids, has a tonic effect, shown with an unplanned shedding;
- CANVIT BIOTIN with a large list of components, the largest proportion of vitamin H, niacin, methionine, used by courses of 30 days.
All these drugs must be prescribed by the attending veterinarian, self-treatment can significantly worsen the condition of the animal.
How to prevent in the future
In order for the dog’s coat to be smooth and shiny, it is necessary not only to monitor its health, but also to take care of the coat, regularly wash and comb it. This applies not only to long-haired, but also to short-haired breeds.
To care for the dog, it is necessary to use only special animal care products, use preventive medicinal shampoos against parasites. When walking you should protect your pet from contact with wild animals.