What is animal skin and what layers does it consist of?
The main function of each animal’s coat is thermoregulation. Also, wool protects the pet’s skin from the adverse effects of the environment. When the warm season approaches, the pet "sheds" a part of the wool and, thus, it is easier to bear the heat.
Wool pet, which often appears on the carpets and sofas. This is the undercoat. The skin of each animal, regardless of its breed and hair length, consists of two layers: coarse and dense outer, designed to protect, and the inner thin (undercoat).
What is the fur in cats
Different types of cats have their own types of wool. We will tell you about the main types of pet hair and how to care for them. This will help you decide on the choice of breed, if you are just thinking about buying a kitten, or expand your knowledge about caring for your pet.
By type of hair cats are shorthair, semi-longhair and long-haired.
The representatives of the short-haired type are the breeds of cats: Abyssinian, Singaporean, Devon Rex, Cornish Rex, Burmese.
Care of their hair is in the usual combing. First, the pet’s skin must be combed against the growth of hair (thus falling hairs are removed), then the hair is smoothed over the growth of hair.
Longhair cat breeds: Kurilian bobtail, Selkirk Rex, Oriental. Their hair, in addition to the guard hair, has a dense undercoat. The principle of skin care is the same as for short-haired cats.
Longhair cats are American Curl, Burma, Maine Coon, Persian, Norwegian Forest. Combing representatives of long-haired breeds is a longer process. The skin must be combed for hair growth.
Combing pets with short and semi-long hair should be once a week. Long-haired animals require more frequent care: 2-3 times a week.
Types of wool in dogs
The types of dog hair are more diverse than those of cats. Breeds of dogs by type of wool are:
- Long-haired (collie, Pekingese, Sheltie): require frequent combing using combs with sparse teeth, in some cases long-haired dogs are trimmed.
- Dogs with curly hair (poodles, Kerry Blue Terriers, Bedlington Terriers) require combing at least 2 times a week. Their wool is easily knitted into mats, which later can only be cut. Do not be lazy to comb the pet’s skin, because the mats, tightening the skin, bring pain and inconvenience to the animal.
- Medium-Wool Dogs (German Shepherd Dog): Use a regular dog brush for regular combing, sometimes resort to a scraper, groomer, or furminator.
- Smooth-haired (boxer, staffordshire terrier, chi-hua-hua): require regular brushing with a special rubber brush. Bathe a smooth-haired dog as seldom as possible.
- Wire-haired (terriers, hunting dogs, schnauzers): besides combing, hair-haired dogs require grooming and trimming. At the same time trimming is an obligatory procedure, without which the thick and dense wool of a terrier or schnauzer will roll into mats and soon your pet will look like a felt boot.
- Dogs with exotic wool (Chinese Crested, Komondor, bullets): to organize the care of the hair of a naked dog or animal whose wool is similar to twisted cords, you will be helped by the breeder from whom you acquire a puppy.