Dogs are endowed with nature thick hair with a dense undercoat, requiring regular and high-quality care. But even with systematic grooming, it happens that a dog has wool.
Causes of hair loss
There are two factors of this phenomenon:
With hormonal causes, the disappearance of the scalp begins in the neck, chest, and then goes on to other parts of the animal’s body. This happens if a malfunction occurs in the functioning of the thyroid gland. Immunity decreases, villi become brittle.
If the animal has been sterilized, the production of sex hormone will be reduced. The dog will quickly gain weight, will be exposed to frequent infectious diseases. The skin of the animal will become softer, the growth rate of the undercoat will decrease.
An excess of cortisol, which is responsible for the exchange of carbohydrates in the dog’s body, leads to increased thirst and subsequent frequent urination, which also affects the volume of hair.
Improper functioning of the sebaceous glands leads to the formation of bald areas on the back.
Non-hormonal factors are as follows:
- stress due to relocation;
- surgical intervention;
- of pregnancy.
In addition, the possible reasons leading to this reaction include bathing a dog with shampoos and using conditioners. This has a negative effect on the chemical composition of the skin, it begins to itch. Pile breaks and falls.
The dog itches the body and hair falls out, if the diet of its food is not properly formulated. Food should be rich in B vitamins, mineral salts and copper. With a lack of fatty acids in the diet, which are contained in vegetable oils, itchy skin will appear.
Skin mites and fungal infections create a problem. On the body will be noticeable areas bounded by pink rings. Of them will begin to fall hair. With dermatitis, the villi fall out near the nose.
With a long and regular rest, the coat of wool begins to wear off and disappear on hard surfaces. The bald spots appear due to the increased oily skin. The main reasons for this are dandruff and seborrhea. A falling coat cannot protect a dog from adverse natural influences, so the disease must be treated.
Treatment of Alopecia in Dogs
Alopecia in dogs – This is a pathological loss of hair. There is thinning or complete loss of hair in certain parts of the head and torso.
There is no universal way to treat a disease.
Only a veterinarian can determine why a dog’s coat began to fall out in a particular case. Therefore, to diagnose yourself is completely useless, and it is not safe.
The doctor will take the tests, find out the disease-catalyst and explain how to treat the animal.
If the cause is a hormonal disorder, then a treatment regimen with special medications will be prescribed.
Usually, Metatonin and Trilostan are prescribed. Recovery takes 6 weeks. If the improvements are not noticeable, then the drugs are reviewed.
If the pet has become loose hair from the presence of parasites, then drops will be prescribed for their destruction. Flea bites cause severe itching. The dog begins to comb the wounds, develops inflammation. Treatment is required only with specific medicines that the doctor will select. Voyoedy, tick Demodex – also cause baldness.
When a fungal infection falls out hair scraps. Naked areas, inflamed, covered with crusts. With significant damage, the coat may not recover even after treatment. Immunostimulating agents are intended to stabilize the immunity.
Feed during the period of treatment should contain vitamin complexes to stimulate the growth of the undercoat.
Loss of hair is observed in allergic reactions to household chemicals, medicines, drugs from parasites. Allergies are also caused by flea bites. The characteristic difference between allergies is baldness on the back and on the sacrum.
The pet owner can independently prevent alopecia, if it monitors the state of the dog’s immunity and provides it with a balanced diet.
You can avoid problems if you do not neglect the preventive measures. To do this:
- periodically treat the animal’s body with parasite products;
- if there was an infection with parasites, then it is necessary to disinfect both feeding bowls and its sleeping place;
- balance the dog’s diet;
- maintain proper functioning of the immune system;
- timely vaccination against diseases;
- after the walk, it is required to examine the coat of the animal.
In the spring and autumn, the dog is molting. It lasts for 2 weeks.
This is normal. An age molt is also observed, when the puppy’s soft hair changes to the hard coat of an adult animal.
Bitch molts after giving birth, as well as during lactation. But even in such a period, the owner must closely monitor the appearance of the dog. She needs to comb twice a day.
To do this, fit a comb-pokhoderka, which copes with the removal of the drop-down hair.
Loss of hair in a dog is not life-threatening, but it may indicate other dangerous disorders in the body!