If the dog’s coat is dull and uneven, then this is the first sign that it is not all right with health. The unsatisfactory condition of the hair and skin of the animal should cause concern to its owner. Quite often, the reason for this is unbalanced nutrition, which does not contain the necessary amount of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements for the animal. Externally, all this is manifested in dry skin, dandruff, itching, various dermatological diseases, fading and dry coat, which glitters in dogs, receiving a balanced feed.
Functions of the dog’s coat and skin
The skin and coat of animals performs several important functions at once:
- They protect the dog from various mechanical and chemical damages.
- Contribute to proper thermoregulation, keeping warm in winter and protecting it from overheating in summer.
- Retain moisture in the animal’s body. retaining moisture that is required by the body.
- Beautiful shiny wool, among other things, also adorns the dog.
The wool during the dog’s life goes through several cycles: first, the puppy fluff changes to adult wool, then seasonal molts occur twice a year, molting in bitches during the period of chilling.
If the dog has dull hair, analyze its diet.
If, as a result of your analysis, you conclude that the dog does not receive enough of the components important for its health with food, it is necessary to make an adjustment in the diet. To do this, it is better to contact a specialist who owns all the issues of proper organization of the diet of dogs.
Usually, your pet’s coat and skin may deteriorate due to the following nutritional deficiencies:
- lack of unsaturated fatty acids;
- lack of animal and vegetable proteins;
- amino acid deficiency;
- insufficient content in food of mineral salts;
- acute lack of vitamins of different groups.
If some allergen is present in the feed, the dog’s skin and coat also lose their quality characteristics and become unhealthy.
Now let us dwell on the influence of each of the listed elements on the organism of the animal.
Protein and amino acids
In addition, if the food is made from low-quality raw materials, rather than natural protein-rich foods, the dog will begin to experience a lack of amino acids in the body, which will also quickly affect the state of its skin and coat.
The deficiency of proteins and amino acids has a particularly dangerous effect on growing and actively developing puppy organisms. Sooner or later, the health of the dog will fail, the cause of which will be the lack of these vital components with the food in childhood. It is better to stop your choice on such well-known feed producers as Pro-Plan, Hills, Akana, Royal Canin, Eukanuba and others, because they include the necessary amount of all the elements necessary for proper development and healthy life of the dog.
They regulate various functions in the body of your pet, and also affect the health of the skin and coat. The lack of fatty acids makes the skin dry, less elastic, rough, contributes to the formation of dandruff and flaking. There are two reasons for a dog to lose fatty acids:
- Their small amount in food that is easy to fix.
- The inability of the body to their full absorption, which is why you should contact your veterinarian to find out the causes and treatment. Usually the cause of this pathology is dysfunction of the pancreas, liver, small intestine, due to which the digestion and absorption of fatty acids is reduced. For these cases, manufacturers of ready-made feeds have developed special types of food for dogs containing these acids to improve the process of digestion and assimilation. Veterinarians advise them as a supplement to the main therapeutic treatment of the dog.
Their lack of content in the dog "menu" leads to talk about the primary and secondary deficiency of these important substances. The primary deficiency is predetermined by the lack of mineral feeding in the dog’s diet. It occurs very rarely, unlike the secondary. This deficiency of mineral salts is a consequence of:
- Imbalance of mineral compounds in the feed.
- Presence in the food of mutually exclusive components.
- Metabolic disorders that prevent the absorption of certain nutrients. As a vivid example of the latter, a secondary iodine deficiency can be given, which has a decisive influence on the function of the thyroid gland. The result of a lack of iodine in the dog’s body is its gradual baldness. Another example is the lack of sodium, from which the skin dries and wool falls. However, in this case you should not go to extremes, because excess salt for a dog can lead to abnormalities of the cardiovascular system.
Lack of this mineral results from a calcium surplus in your pet’s diet. This happens when the animal is fed mainly cereal porridge (oatmeal, millet, rice, etc.) or ready-made industrial feed on cereal basis.
When zinc is replaced by calcium, the dog’s skin thickens, loses its elasticity, the coat falls out and its characteristic pigmentation is disturbed.
From all that has been written, the conclusion follows: nutrition for the skin and coat of the dog plays an important role, which should not be neglected. Be very attentive to the diet of your pupil and give him extra vitamins and nutritious supplements that will compensate for their lack of food intake in the dog. Then your shaggy friend will always delight you with his healthy skin and thick shiny hair.