- – shampoos for dogs;
- – combs with blunt teeth;
- – bristle brushes;
- – pouherku;
- – vitamin complexes;
- – balanced dog food.
- Dog grooming
The content of the article
The structure and function of the dog’s coat
Hair or wool is one of the hallmarks of the mammalian class, which includes dogs. Initially, he performed only the function of protection from the cold, but as a result of human breeding activities for breeding various breeds, wool, or its absence, began to perform a decorative function, becoming one of the signs of the breed.
The coat of most breeds consists of different types of hairs. They may differ in their structure, development and purpose, and are divided into undercoat, guard and covering hair. The undercoat consists of downy hairs – thin, soft and short, and also from semi-down, more rigid. These are the outermost hairs, and it is from them that most of the dog’s coat is composed. The undercoat plays an important role in heat saving and is especially developed in those breeds that were bred in the northern regions.
Ostev hair determines the appearance of the dog and its color, it consists of less thick, but longer and thicker hairs. The guide guard hair is located along the spine, on the face and back of the dog. The covering skin of the dog consists of two groups – tactile and restroom hair. Tactile hairs are eyelashes on the eyelids and a mustache growing next to the nose. Not all breeds have long hairs, they are clearly visible, for example, shepherd and collie shepherd dogs. Wool cover, typical of a particular breed, begins to form from the age of three months.
The structure of dog hair
Each hair is made up of a rod and a root. A sensitive rod consisting of dead cells protrudes above the skin surface. The root is located in the hair follicle, its bulb is in the upper layer of the skin. In the bulb is a continuous process of cell regeneration, which causes the growth of hairs. When the bulb dies off, the hairs fall out, and on the hair sac that remains in its place after a while a new bulb forms and a new hair begins to grow. In dogs, a massive change of hairs that make up the coat is twice a year, due to the change of seasons.
The surface of each hair is covered with a cuticle, inside there is a medulla containing pigment, which determines the color of the dog. The condition of the cuticle is an indicator of the health of the dog, the right diet for it. In a healthy dog, the coat is shiny, covered with a thin layer of fat secreted by the ducts of the sebaceous glands, located in the upper layer of the skin.