To properly care for a dog’s coat, you need to know its structure. She is represented by a soft undercoat and tougher and longer guard hair.
Each hair grows from the hair follicles, which are located on the skin of the animal. The sebaceous glands enter the hair follicles. Their ducts deliver a special fatty secret that covers the skin and lubricates the dog’s fur. Thus, a protective mechanism is created that performs the function of protecting the animal’s body surface from drying, high humidity and penetration of bacteria into the pores.
Each hair of hair has its own life cycle: growing to the maximum length, it dies off and a new hair pushes it out of the hair follicle. This process is permanent, so the coat of a healthy animal always looks thick and covers its body evenly. However, every six months there is a process of total change of wool, that is, molt. It is caused by the work of the hormonal system, and falls on the autumn and spring period of changing temperatures and changing the length of the daylight hours. It should be borne in mind that if the pet molting has been delayed and does not stop, then, as a rule, this is a sign that she is not healthy and you need to visit a veterinarian.
For some breeds, molting is not typical. These include poodles, bedlingtones, carry-blue terriers, etc. To get their hair renewed, they cut it or trim it, that is, pull out excess hair. At the same time, we are talking not only about show copies, but about everyone else, since such special care is a matter of the hygiene of these dogs, and not just the requirements for their exterior.
Types of wool and features of care
Experts distinguish between dogs six types of wool, each of which requires a different care:
Its owners are collies, spaniels, sters, afghan hounds, long-haired dachshunds, Pekingese and so on. Such wool requires your special care, therefore, an animal with such beautiful wool should be combed out as often as possible so that it does not become confused and does not form mats. Some practical hostesses collect bits of wool from their pets, then spin and knit socks, mittens and even sweaters. It is widely known that dog hair belts are excellent assistants for radiculitis and osteochondrosis. Caring for animals with long hair also includes the procedure of cutting off the excess hair on the paws and between the fingers, because it prevents the dog from moving and is disturbing, because pebbles, small branches and other all kinds of small debris are clogged in it. Be sure to trim the hair on the ears and around the ears, because it gets dirty and clings to the burrs.
Smooth-haired breeds of dogs possess this type of wool – sleek-haired dachshunds, Dobermans, Great Danes, boxers, etc. A characteristic feature of this type of wool is a very small amount of undercoat. For combing such dogs you need to use a stiff bristle brush or a massage with wooden teeth. It is easy to care for smooth-haired dogs, as their wool does not tangle and gets less dirty and clings to street garbage. Like all other dogs, smooth-haired also molt twice a year. If you are too lazy to comb them during these periods, your sofa and carpet on the floor will be studded with dog hair;
She covers bedlington, poodle and carry-blue terrier. If you are the owner of a dog of one of these breeds, then do not forget to cut it regularly and bathe more often (at least every 2 weeks). With this care, your pet will always look like a real dandy. Without proper care, this type of wool is renewed much more slowly and is knitted into mats, which are much harder to comb than to cut. By hairstyle and trimming teach your puppy from childhood, then the adult dog will patiently endure this routine procedure for it;
It is considered the most difficult to care because it is very similar to a thin wire in its structure. It is characteristic of Foxhire Terrier, Schnauzer, Erdel Terrier and other dog breeds. Grooming is trimming or cutting a special machine.
This is a huge external advantage of some dogs of rare exotic breeds, in particular, a string poodle and a bullet. Becoming the owner of such an unusual dog, consult about the intricacies of caring for her coat from a breeder or an experienced veterinarian.
We consider it necessary to add: if you bought a dog of a hairless breed, for example, a Mexican naked, this does not mean that she does not need any care due to the lack of wool. Regular cleaning of this dog is also necessary and will help release the surface layer of its skin from dead epithelium particles.
This procedure is an essential part of dog grooming. It is necessary for your four-legged friend, regardless of what breed he belongs to. The exceptions are only some exotic breeds.
The owner who loves his pet will never be too lazy to give him a little time every day to comb his coat, to clean it of dust and street dirt, and at the same time to massage the skin. Massage, as you know, helps to improve blood circulation. Depending on the type of wool, which you have learned above, you need to pick a brush.
The procedure must begin with a rare comb (with the exception of short-haired dogs). With its help you unravel the animal’s hair, lumps formed in a day. Do not miss the long hair on the ears of your spaniel or setters, on the face, if your pet. schnauzer or lapdog, and pants on his hind legs, if it is Pekingese. At the next stage, you will need a frequent comb, which will help to finalize the hair on the ears and behind the ears, on the face and neck, on the paws and under the tail.
After combing, the wool should be brushed. This manipulation is carried out in the direction of hair growth – that is, from the head along the back and sides to the extremities. Very convenient and effective, you can use a special brush-mitten.
Excess wool is removed with a clipper or scissors. If you are not going to exhibit your pet, then you can do it yourself. And over the exhibition "hairstyle" must still work hard specialist who will not allow your "champion" to hit the muzzle in the dirt in front of their fellows.
Exterior standards require grooming of many long-haired dog breeds, such as poodles, cocker spaniels, bedlington terriers, bichon friezes, etc. Haircuts emphasize the beauty of the breed and at the same time camouflage any shortcomings of a particular dog. All that you need to create a decent image of your four-legged friend. scissors (blunt, pointed, thinning) and a machine with nozzles to adjust the length of wool. Shear dogs on the table, the surface of which. not slippery. Start teaching your pupil to a haircut right from puppyhood. He should be able to stand still and not resist your actions. As for the professional model haircut, then, at times, the specialist spends more than five hours to meet all the requirements of the exhibition standard on the exterior.
No matter how surprising it sounds, the fashion for dog haircuts exists, however, it is not as changeable as the human ones. However, if you are the owner of a purebred pedigree dog worthy to shine at shows, you will have to keep up with fashion trends.
Before cutting the wool is carefully combed, washed with shampoo, rinsed with conditioner and dried.
Some experts recommend trimming dogs that require a haircut in the spring. Wool will grow evenly and your pupil will not have to walk shaggy and untidy.
Poodle Hair Care
The most difficult care – for the hair of the poodle Perhaps the most difficult thing to care for the hair of the poodle. He needs not only to cut, but also to cut out hair every month on the face and all four paws. Of all the dogs, the poodle is the biggest “mod”, because the choice of “hairstyles” for it is not limited to one. "Continental", "English Lion", "Karakul", and others. The most popular of them are two – the classic "Lion", which was worn by the Malvina poodle from the fairy tale about Buratino, and "Modern".
Trimming a poodle under a lion, on the head, chest and neck leave the largest amount of wool, which merges and makes the dog look like a king of beasts. On the front legs, too, they leave longer, and the rear legs and tail are cut, leaving only pompons on them. The more modern "Modern" repeats the natural forms of the animal, leaving about the same length of hair on the entire body of the dog, but even here a pompon on the tail. A must-have element. Poodle puppies are also sheared from the age of five months. For them, the same haircuts are performed by a machine in a more simple modification.
Kerry Blue and Bedlington are the two breeds of terriers that can only be cut. The hair of these breeds is very soft and homogeneous in structure. Their haircut is done with a special machine or with a scissors using a comb.
If your curry blue terrier is preparing to take part in a dog show, then it should be sent in advance so that by the beginning of the show his wool has grown back to 2 cm. The dog hairdresser’s task is to emphasize the length of the kerry blue head at the best characteristic bangs, mustache and beard. In this case, the hair on the ears, on the forehead, cheekbones, neck do not regret and cut out very short. The gradual transition from short to longer hair maximally emphasizes the square shape and slimness of a dog of this breed.
Bedlington, perhaps. the most beautiful among terriers. Its unusual exterior after shearing determines its resemblance to a sheep. Wool in bedlington has either a bluish or sandy shade. When mowing, the specialist emphasizes the grace of the arcuate line of the back, the laterally thickened body with a lean belly, leaving a crest on the goove and tassels on the ears. Shorn bedlington looks very noble.
Cocker Spaniel Haircut
Most of the troubles, compared to other varieties of spaniels, are delivered to a specialist by an exhibition haircut by an American cocker. The hair on the head and face of the dog is cut out in short by a typewriter, and only on the forehead is a neat strand of a tuft. According to the requirements of the exterior, the hair on the neck and shoulders should be strictly defined length. The hair left on the legs, ears and abdomen forms a characteristic “skirt” for this breed.
After a haircut, American Cockers look so beautiful that they evoke a great aesthetic admiration. True, from a practical point of view, such a delightful “hairstyle” for everyday life does not fit at all, since the long hair left is constantly getting dirty, confused and requires a lot of attention from the owner. This problem perfectly solves the dog jumpsuit. If your cocker is not going to the exhibition, then cut it at the end of the spring bald. It is very hygienic.
Bichon Frieze haircut
Certain standards for haircuts are set for rare and exotic dog breeds. If you are the lucky owner of a Bichon Freedom, that is, a curly house dog, then you should know that he needs a very special haircut.
It is very complex and time consuming in execution. However, the work of a specialist is worth it, because after his work the dog will turn into an inimitable snow-white, like a soft toy, a powder coat, which you will not want to let go of. Haircut makes the animal so cute, touching and irresistible that you will love it even stronger.
Trimming is a term that hides the usual plucking of dead hair in dogs. Usually they trim those dogs that either do not shed at all or shed too slowly – for example, terriers and schnauzers. For plucking hairs there is a special tool, which is a metal comb with beveled teeth.
With the help of a comb and fingers, dog hairs seize and sharply pull out. Animals do not like this procedure and do not hide it. However, the pain of trimming does not give them, because the hair that has become obsolete soy keeps loose and is easily pulled out of the skin.
In different dogs, wool grows at different speeds, so basic trimming should be done no earlier than three months before the show and no later than a month. Then the dog’s exterior will reach its peak at the right moment. Those representatives of these breeds that are not exposed can simply be cut, but they still need to do trimming, but not more than once a year, so that dead hair does not irritate the skin of animals.