Signs of illness in a pet can serve as a dog’s behavior, and various factors that not all owners pay attention to. Is it your pet’s favorite, and does he have wool? Does the dog itchy and flaky skin? There is something to think about. That’s just not always hair loss means disease. In this article we will understand in more detail this issue.
Causes of hair loss
To know how to respond to the signs of alopecia in a dog, you first need to understand the reasons. Of course, hair loss around the eyes and on the body can tell you that there are some changes in the body. But they do not always talk about the critical state of health that should be treated. It happens that the signs are due to safe factors. Sometimes not.
Below is a detailed look at the causes of hair loss. In the video from the author of the Children of Fauna channel, we also learn the causes of the itch. We find out why the skin flakes and itches.
Why is your pet scratching and balding? Why does his skin flake off? The reason may lie in some hormonal disease.
We list the main ones:
- Failure to produce somatropin (growth hormone) leads to the fact that the dog begins to lose wool symmetrically. A similar problem most often occurs in males in the period of sexual development. Such breeds as boxer, pomeranian, poodle and others are exposed to this more often.
- Cushing’s syndrome is also a common problem. It is characterized by loss of hair all over the body. This is provoked by the fact that the dog has an excess of the hormone cortisol. Symptoms of the syndrome are excessive thirst and weight gain. In this case, the animal may suffer uncontrolled urination. The stomach becomes flabby and sagging. It should be noted that these symptoms may also manifest when taking steroids.
- An overabundance of estrogen in the dog can also lead to hair loss. At the other extreme is estrogen deficiency. This phenomenon is observed in adult sterilized females, which is determined by a decrease in growth rate and thinning of the hair. The skin of the pet may also become smooth and soft.
- Hypothyroidism. When a dog has a lack of thyroid hormone hypothyroidism occurs. The dog then becomes lethargic and flabby. Due to the deterioration of immunity, resistance to various infectious diseases is reduced. The coat becomes thinner and begins to thin on the neck and chest, then on the sides, on the back, hips and in the upper part of the tail.
It happens that the person himself is the cause of what is happening with a pet. Animals that live on the street in a booth or in an aviary and do not receive from the host various delicacies that provoke diabetes or overweight, and are not aware of such diseases. A pet that is in close contact with the owner may even be at risk of having “master’s” diseases. Among other things, it is not necessary to stuff the dog with all sorts of hormonal pills, for example, contraceptive pills. This also leads to loss of wool.
In addition to hormonal surges that lead to hair loss, there are other diseases that require immediate treatment.
Here are some of them:
- Shedding. This phenomenon depends on the breed and size of the dog, as well as the type of coat. Usually puppies molt between the ages of 3 and 10 months. For some, it passes through abundant hair loss, and as a result, by the end of the molt, the puppy even boasts spotted skin.
In adult dogs, moult occurs twice a year, usually due to season. At this time, the pet needs special care. In addition to seasonal causes, there are also female-related, or stress-related. Another reason for molting can be bathing a puppy with the use of special substances. They can weaken the hair and make the wool brittle and dry.
- Allergy. Allergies are sometimes involved in hair loss, especially around the eyes, itching, and reddening of the skin. Allergy is the most common occurrence in dogs, it happens more often than the owners imagine. Its causes are poor diet, various seasonal allergens and even fleas.
- Parasites. Another cause of itching and hair loss around the eyes is a parasitic disease caused by ticks. There are two types of scabies: sarcoptosis and demodicosis. Demodecosis can occur at any age during a period of weakened immunity. Puppies often have it on their own and do not require treatment. Loss of hair begins around the eyes and mouth and is accompanied by itching.
- Solar dermatitis also leads to hair loss on the face: around the eyes and nose. If the pet is not treated, ulcers can begin. This disease affects animals with weakly pigmented and unpigmented skin of the nose.
- Ringworm. A fungal infection, that is, ringworm, is involved in the loss of hair in dogs. It is determined by the fact that scaly, crusted rounded areas appear on the dog’s skin, on which the wool is completely absent.
- Dandruff can occasionally be observed in a pet. Dandruff affects skin and hair follicles. Pet hair becomes dry and brittle.
- Avitaminosis still leads to hair loss. If there is zinc deficiency in an animal, its skin can become hard and scaly. On the nose, around the eyes, on the elbow joints all the hair falls out. Sometimes a crumb starts to crack on the pet’s paws.
- Deliveries and lactation in females can also cause loss of vegetation.
There are other diseases. There are even those that are peculiar to certain breeds of dogs. In order not to run baldness, you need to timely examine the dog.
The treatment can not be carried out independently with the use of any healing herbs. All drugs must appoint a specialist.
Prevention and treatment of pet hair loss
Each dog, no matter which breed it is, deserves good treatment, care and timely treatment. The opinion that smooth-haired pets do not shed abundantly, and therefore do not require special efforts to care for hair and skin, is mistaken.
All pets should be combed at least once a week and bathed every 2-4 months. Bathing pet depends on the breed and the degree of contamination of wool. For example, show dogs and pets that participate in the show need special care with the use of various special means, while for an ordinary dog it is enough to apply shampoo and anti-parasitic drugs.
If your pet is itchy, and during the inspection you notice suspicious bald spots that cause itching, you should not understand on your own why the pet has changed. You should immediately go to the veterinarian for a consultation to understand why the dog is losing wool.
After diagnosis, you can take up treatment. This will help stop the development of the disease and the spread of parasites to other animals and people.
Regularly, to protect a pet from food allergies and to prevent worms, it is necessary to provide physical activity and to make a good balanced diet. It is also necessary to limit your pet from contact with homeless animals that may be carriers of diseases, and not to walk in suspicious places.
If you carefully monitor your pet, and also time to catch up at the first signs of hair loss on the face, around the eyes and nose, nothing terrible will happen. The pet’s hair will again become radiant and thick, and the skin will no longer itch and itch. A pleasant exterior of the pet will be not only his, but also your business card.
Video "First Aid Kit for Dogs"
In this video, the author of the Children of Fauna channel, we will learn how to collect the necessary medications for a dog.